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棉花学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 414-422.doi: 10.11963/1002-7807.wymxy.20180919

• 专题与述评 • 上一篇    

棉田恶性杂草田旋花研究进展

王颖1,王兰1,马艳2,马小艳1, 2*   

  1. 1.塔里木大学植物科学学院,新疆 阿拉尔 843300;2.中国农业科学院棉花研究所/棉花生物学国家重点实验室,河南 安阳455000
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-15 出版日期:2018-09-15 发布日期:2018-09-15
  • 通讯作者: maxy_caas@126.com
  • 作者简介:王颖(1996-),女,硕士研究生,wy794063680@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金地区科学基金项目(31660525)

Review of Field Bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis L., a Troublesome Weed in Cotton Fields

Wang Ying1, Wang Lan1, Ma Yan2, Ma Xiaoyan1, 2*   

  1. 1. Plant Science College, Tarim University, Ala'er, Xinjiang 843300, China; 2. Institute of Cotton Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences / State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Anyang, Henan 455000, China
  • Received:2018-03-15 Online:2018-09-15 Published:2018-09-15

摘要: 作为恶性杂草之一,田旋花具有极强的环境适应能力及强大的繁殖和再生能力,在我国三大棉区广泛分布,严重危害棉田生态系统。本文概述了目前国内外在田旋花的形态特性、分类学特征、分布与生境、生活史、经济学特性及防除策略等方面的研究进展,并针对我国田旋花发生为害情况,提出了深入研究田旋花地下根系繁殖特性、区域环境适应性及高效防除技术的建议。

关键词: 棉花; 田旋花; 生活史; 防除策略

Abstract: Field bindweed(Convolvulus arvensis L.), known as one of the ten most noxious weeds in the world, has a considerable ability to adapt to the environment and to reproduce and regenerate. In recent decades, field bindweed has increasingly become a problematic weed of cotton fields in China. This review summarizes research to-date on this weed, including morphological and taxonomic characteristics, distribution and habitat, life history, economic characteristics and control strategy. Based on the analysis of the occurrence and harmfulness of field bindweed in China, we suggest carrying out further research on the reproductive characteristics of perennial root systems, adaptability to regional environments and high-efficiency control technologies for field bindweed.

Key words: cotton; Convolvulus arvensis; life history; control strategy

中图分类号: 
  • S451.1