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棉花学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (增刊): 80-88.doi: 10.11963/1002-7807.lyblyb.20170825

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我国棉花轻简化栽培关键技术研究进展

李亚兵*,韩迎春,冯璐,王国平,王占彪,毛树春   

  1. 中国农业科学院棉花研究所/棉花生物学国家重点实验室/农业部棉花生物学与遗传育种重点实验室,河南 安阳 455000
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-18 出版日期:2017-08-15 发布日期:2017-08-15
  • 通讯作者: criliyabing@163.com
  • 作者简介:李亚兵(1972―),男,博士,研究员,criliyabing@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划(2013BAD08B02);国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201503121-12);国家重点研发计划——黄河流域棉区棉花化肥农药减施增效技术集成与示范(2017YFD0201906)

Advances of Light and Simplified Cultivation Technologies in China

Li Yabing*, Han Yingchun, Feng Lu, Wang Guoping, Wang Zhanbiao, Mao Shuchun   

  1. Institute of Cotton Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/ State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology/ Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Breeding of Cotton, Ministry of Agriculture, Anyang, Henan 455000, China
  • Received:2017-07-18 Online:2017-08-15 Published:2017-08-15

摘要: 棉花轻简化栽培是适应中国国情、提高棉花竞争力水平和棉花持续生产的重要技术途径。本文分析了当前我国棉花生产面临的主要问题,回顾了我国棉花轻简化栽培技术的形成和发展,总结了从播种(育苗移栽),到简化整枝、合理密植、简化施肥、植保、灌溉、到采收诸环节轻简化的关键技术;并对轻简化栽培的熟性和株型调控理论等进行了评述,提出了进一步完善和发展轻简化植棉技术,促进棉花持续生产的技术与理论研究设想。

关键词: 棉花; 轻简化栽培; 可持续生产

Abstract: Simplified cotton cultivation which adapt to China's national conditions has become an important way to improve the competitiveness and sustainability of China cotton. We analyzed the main problems faced by cotton production in China, reviewed the formation and development of simplified cotton cultivation technologies in China, summarized the key technologies during cotton production including planting (seedling transplanting) , simplified pruning, rational close planting, simplified fertilization, plant protection, irrigation and mechanized harvest, explained the regulation theory of cotton maturity and plant type, and put forward the key technologies and related theories to further improve and develop the simplified cotton cultivation techniques and promote the sustainable production of cotton production.

Key words: cotton; simplified cotton cultivation; sustainable production

中图分类号: 
  • S562.04