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棉花学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (6): 500-506.

• 研究与进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

棉花品种资源群体结构与连锁不平衡分析

张友昌1,别 墅1,易先达1,张 成1,李成奇2,秦鸿德1*   

  1. 1.湖北省农业科学科院经济作物研究所,武汉430064;2.河南科技学院生命科技学院,新乡453003
  • 收稿日期:2010-09-25 出版日期:2011-11-15 发布日期:2011-11-15
  • 通讯作者: qinhongde2002@yahoo.com.cn
  • 作者简介:张友昌(1984-),男,硕士研究生
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(30971823)

Population Structure and Linkage Disequilibrium Analysis of Germplasm Resources in Upland Cotton

ZHANG You-chang1, BIE Shu1, YI Xian-da1, ZHANG Cheng1, LI Cheng-qi2, QIN Hong-de1*   

  1. 1. Cash Crop Institute, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430064, China; 2. Henan Institute of Technology, Xinxiang, Henan 453003, China
  • Received:2010-09-25 Online:2011-11-15 Published:2011-11-15

摘要: 用基因组扫描的方法,利用棉花9个连锁群上的79个微卫星标记(Simple sequence repeat,SSR),对收集的204份陆地棉品种(系)组成的品种资源群体进行群体结构和连锁不平衡(Linkage disequilibrium, LD)分析。结果表明:本研究群体可划分为3个群体,其中两个群体分别由3个亚群体组成。群体中,47%的标记位点之间可以观察到显著的LD( P≤0.05)。LD在遗传距离小于120 cM范围内普遍存在。在决定系数r2≤0.05时,LD在0.01单位的平均衰减距离为29.7 cM,在r2≥0.05的条件下能观察到的LD最大遗传距离为31.4 cM,在r2≥0.1时能观察到LD的最大遗传距离缩小到3.4 cM。群体的连锁不平衡状况表明本研究群体可用于重要育种性状的关联分析。

关键词: 陆地棉; 数量性状位点; 分子标记; 连锁不平衡; 群体结构

Abstract: Population structure and LD(Linkage disequilibrium)of 204 upland cotton accessions were analyzed with 79 SSR (Simple sequence repeat) markers located on nine chromosomes.  Analysis of population genetic structure based on SSR data revealed that this population could be divided into three groups, two out of which were composed of three subgroups, respectively. 47% of the SSR loci pairs showed LD at significant level of P≤0.05. The maximum genetic distance of LD could be observed extended to 120 cM. The LD average decay distance was 29.7 cM at r2≤0.05. Genome wide LD reduced to 3.4 cM at r2≥0.1, providing evidence of the potential for association mapping of important traits in cotton breeding program.

Key words: upland cotton; quantitative trait locus; molecular marker; linkage disequilibrium; population structure

中图分类号: 
  • S562.024