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棉花学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 630-633.

• 研究简报 • 上一篇    下一篇

细胞质雄性不育棉花种间杂种的光合和花药生理特征

张小全1,朱 伟1,蒋培东2,王学德2*   

  1. 1. 河南农业大学,郑州  450002;2. 浙江大学农业与生物技术学院农学系,杭州 310029
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-02 出版日期:2010-11-15 发布日期:2010-11-15
  • 通讯作者: xdwang @zju. edu. cn
  • 作者简介:张小全(1980-) ,男,博士,zxq013415 @sina. com
  • 基金资助:

    国家“973”项目(2004CB11730502(1));浙江省重点科技项目(2008C22087)和自然科学基金项目(Y306093)

The Photosynthetic and Anthers Physiological Characters of Interspecific Hybrid Cotton Based on Cytoplasmic Male-sterility System

ZHANG Xiao-quan1, ZHU Wei1, JIANG Pei-dong2, WANG Xue-de2*   

  1. 1. Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, 450002, China; 2. Agronomy Department, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
  • Received:2010-04-02 Online:2010-11-15 Published:2010-11-15
  • Contact: xdwang @zju. edu. cn

摘要: 以陆地棉和海岛棉两套细胞质雄性不育系、保持系和恢复系为材料,组配了种内杂种(陆地棉与陆地棉)和种间杂种(海岛棉与陆地棉),对种间杂种和种内杂种的光合作用特征和花药相关性状进行了比较研究。结果表明:海陆杂种较陆陆杂种营养生长旺盛,产量较低。海陆杂种的光合性能与陆地棉类型的差异不明显,光合性能主要与棉花自身的基因型有密切的关系。各材料的可育花粉率都超过了90%,海陆杂种表现较强的花粉育性。选育光合效率相对较高的海岛棉亲本,对于提高海陆杂种的光合性能将有一定的帮助。

关键词: 海岛棉; 种间杂种; 光合特征; 花药生理

Abstract: The photosynthetic properties and its anther-related physiological characters of different types of cotton (Gossypium barbadense and G. hirsutum, interspecific hybrid and intraspecific hybrid) were detected. The results showed that the interspecific hybrid cotton had stronger vegetative growth and lower yield than the intraspecific hybrid. There was no significant difference between interspecific hybrid and other G. hirsutum cultivas for photosynthetic properties. The viable pollens percentage was over 90% in all different types of cotton, and interspecific hybrid had higher viable pollens percentage. It might be helpful to improve the photosynthetic capability of interspecific hybrid by breeding and selecting the G. barbadense parents with higher photosynthetic capability.

Key words: Gossypium barbadense; interspecific hybrid; photosynthetic propertie; anthera physiology

中图分类号: 
  • S562. 035. 1