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棉花学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 586-590.

• 研究与进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

大丽轮枝菌致萎毒力指示菌的筛选及拮抗作用初探

王世英1,姜军坡1,李术娜1,朱宝成1,薛庆林2*   

  1. 1.河北农业大学生命科学学院,河北 保定 071001;2. 河北农业大学植物保护学院,河北 保定 071001
  • 收稿日期:2010-05-10 出版日期:2010-11-15 发布日期:2010-11-15
  • 通讯作者: qlxuey@126.com
  • 作者简介:王世英(1963-),男,副教授,硕士生导师,wsy99999@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    河北省自然科学基金项目(398152)

Preliminary Study on Screening and Antagonistic Mechanism of Indicator Microbe for Wilting Toxin from Verticillium dahliae

WANG Shi-ying1, JIANG Jun-po1, LI Shu-na1, ZHU Bao-cheng1, XUE Qing-lin2*   

  1. 1. College of Life Science, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding, Hebei 071001, China; 2. College of Plant Protection, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding, Hebei 071001, China
  • Received:2010-05-10 Online:2010-11-15 Published:2010-11-15
  • Contact: qlxuey@126.com

摘要: 为了筛选可指示Verticillium dahliae致萎毒素毒力大小的指示菌,并对致萎毒素抑制指示菌生长的机理进行初步探讨,采用指示菌平板打孔法,对黑曲霉(Aspergillus niger) BF-3758、枯草芽孢杆菌(Bacillus subtilis)、金黄色葡萄球菌(Staphylococcus aureus)、啤酒酵母(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)等12种具有微生物种属代表性的菌株进行筛选;采用拮抗试验、致萎试验结合显微观察的方法,初步探索了Verticillium dahliae致萎毒素对指示菌生长的抑制作用。结果表明,Verticillium dahliae粗毒素对Aspergillus niger BF-3758的生长具有较强的抑制作用,且该抑制作用和粗毒素对离体叶片的致萎作用具有一致性,并存在一定的量效关系,Aspergillus niger BF-3758菌株可以作为Verticillium dahliae致萎毒素的毒力指示菌;Verticillium dahliae粗毒素可抑制Aspergillus niger BF-3758的孢子萌发和菌丝生长,对成熟菌丝也有破坏作用。上述研究可为评价Verticillium dahliae的致病力提供一种操作简便、耗时短、费用低的生物学方法。

关键词: 指示菌; 拮抗作用; 筛选; 毒素; 大丽轮枝菌

Abstract: With the crude toxins prepared from Verticillium dahliae Kleb fermentation liquid, indicator microbe which could indicate the toxicity level of wilting toxin of V. dahliae was screened out from 12 representative strains, such as Aspergillus niger BF-3758, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae etc, by disk diffusion method. Using of antagonistic test and causing wilt test with microscope method, the antagonistic mechanism of indicator microbe for wilting toxin from V. dahliae was investigated. From the results of screening of indicator microbe, it was found that crude toxins extracted from V. dahliae showed strong inhibition on the growth of A. niger BF-3758. There was the concordance between the inhibition and the causing wilt effect of crude toxins to cotton leaves ex vivo. And there was the relationship between quantity of crude toxins and wilt effect. Strain A. niger BF-3758 was screened as the indicator microbe. It was found that the spore germination and mycelial growth of A. niger BF-3758 could be inhibited by the crude toxins. An easy manipulating, short time consuming, and low costing microbiological method for evaluating the wilt causing effect of V. dahliae was provided from the research

Key words: indicator microbe; inhibition; screening; toxin; Verticillium dahliae

中图分类号: 
  • S435.621