欢迎访问《棉花学报》! 今天是

棉花学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 568-573.

• 研究与进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

荒漠绿洲区棉花幼苗耐寒生理特性及其评价指标分析

李志博,曹连莆*,魏亦农*,雷锡琼,周 川   

  1. 新疆生产建设兵团绿洲生态农业重点实验室/石河子大学农学院,新疆 石河子 832003
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-15 出版日期:2010-11-15 发布日期:2010-11-15
  • 通讯作者: caolianpu@126.com;weiyinong@163.com.
  • 作者简介:李志博(1978-),男,博士研究生;lzb_oea@shzu.edu.cn;
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(30800695);新疆生产建设兵团育种专项(2006GG04);石河子大学棉花育种攻关专项(gxjs2007-yz11)

Analysis of Physiological Characteristics and Evaluation Indexes of Cold-tolerance in Cotton Seedlings of Desert-Oasis Region

LI Zhi-bo, CAO Lian-pu* ,  WEI Yi-nong* , LEI Xi-qiong, ZHOU Chuan   

  1. The Key Laboratory of Oasis Eco-griculture, Xinjiang Production and Construction Group/College of Agronomy, Shihezi University, Shihezi  832003, China
  • Received:2010-03-15 Online:2010-11-15 Published:2010-11-15
  • Contact: caolianpu@126.com;weiyinong@163.com.

摘要: 通过测定不同耐寒性的棉花幼苗在4 ℃冷害胁迫下的超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)活性、过氧化氢酶(CAT)活性、过氧化物酶(POD)活性及丙二醛(MDA)、可溶性蛋白(SP)和可溶性糖(SS)含量等,分析相对生理指标随胁迫时间在耐寒基因型间的响应,建立棉花幼苗耐寒性鉴定的简捷、有效的评价生理指标体系。结果表明,相对CAT活性、相对MDA含量、相对SP含量和相对SS含量随冷害时间在不同耐寒基因型棉花幼苗间变化有差异;冷害第3 d的相对生理指标与棉苗的冷害指数显著相关,其相对SS含量和相对MDA含量对棉苗的耐寒性强弱有直接影响,而且受其它生理指标的间接影响较小。通过回归分析筛选出了3个与棉花幼苗耐寒性密切相关的生理因子指标:相对MDA含量,相对CAT活性和相对SP含量,建立了耐寒性评价数学模型。

关键词: 棉花; 耐寒性; 生理; 评价指标

Abstract: To set up a simple and efficient screening system for breeding cold-tolerant cotton variety, changes of relative SOD activity, relative CAT activity, relative POD activity, relative MDA content, relative soluble protein content(SP) and relative soluble sugar content(SS) as 4℃ treatment were studied in four cotton variety seedlings with different cold-tolerance, the validity of relative physiological parameters to cold-tolerance were also explored. The results showed that the relative CAT activity, relative MDA, relative SP and relative SS between cold-tolerant cotton seedlins were differently changed as chilling time. The relative physiological parameters chillinged in the third day were significantly corrrelated with chilling index. Relative MDA content and activity relative SS content  have a great direct effects on cold-tolerance of cotton seedlings respectively.The relative CAT activity, reative MDA content and relative SP content were screened to have close relation to chilling index by regreesion analysis,mathematical evaluation model for cold-tolerance of cotton seedlings was set up.

Key words: cotton; cold-tolerance; physiological characteristics; evaluation index

中图分类号: 
  • S562