Abstract：[Objective] Study canopy photosynthesis, spectral indices and solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence in cotton under drought stress. [Method] Using transgenic cotton cultivar Nongda 601 as material, a two-year experiment was conducted with four irrigation regimes (CK, light drought, moderate drought and severe drought) under a field mobile shed to measure the following indices and parameters at canopy level: canopy photosynthetic rate (CAP), spectral indices (normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), photochemical reflectance index (PRI) and water index (WI)) and solar-induced fluorescence at 761 nm (F761), as well as plant leaf water content (LWC) and leaf area index (LAI). [Result] The results indicated that LWC, LAI, CAP, NDVI, PRI and F761showed a downward trend along with the prolonging of the drought stress, while WI showed an increasing trend. Extremely significant differences (P＜0.01) were found among drought treatments and CK for all parameters. NDVI, PRI and WI were significantly correlated with LAI and LWC (P＜0.01). The absolute values of correlation coefficient for NDVI, PRI, WI, F761with LAI (|r|>0.6) were lower than those with LWC (|r|>0.8). F761 was better correlated with leaf water content and LAI than other spectral indices. [Conclusion] It was concluded that CAP, PRI, NDVI, WI and F761 are good indicators in cotton leaves during drought stress. Solar-induced fluorescence seems more sensitive to leaf water status than other spectral indices at canopy level in cotton.
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