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棉花学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 157-165.doi: 10.11963/issn.1002-7807.201702005

• 研究与进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆机采模式下棉花株行距配置对冠层结构指标及产量的影响

李建峰1(),王聪1,梁福斌1,陈厚川1,田景山1,康鹏2,张旺锋1,*()   

  1. 1.石河子大学新疆生产建设兵团绿洲生态农业重点实验室/农学院,新疆 石河子 832003
    2.新疆生产建设兵团第七师127团,新疆 奎屯 833209
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-22 出版日期:2017-03-15 发布日期:2017-03-15
  • 通讯作者: 张旺锋 E-mail:Ljf19910110@163.com;zhwf_agr@shzu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李建峰(1991―),男,硕士研究生,Ljf19910110@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划课题(2014BAD09B03)

Row Spacing and Planting Density Affect Canopy Structure and Yield in Machine-Picked Cotton in Xinjiang

Jianfeng Li1(),Cong Wang1,Fubin Liang1,Houchuan Chen1,Jingshan Tian1,Peng Kang2,Wangfeng Zhang1,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology Agriculture of the Xinjiang Construction Group/College of Agriculture, Shihezi University, Shihezi, Xinjiang 832003, China
    2. Regimental Farm 127, Agriculture Division 7 of the Xinjiang Construction Group, Kuitun, Xinjiang 833209, China
  • Received:2016-01-22 Online:2017-03-15 Published:2017-03-15
  • Contact: Wangfeng Zhang E-mail:Ljf19910110@163.com;zhwf_agr@shzu.edu.cn

摘要: 【目的】为了研究不同株行距配置对机采棉花冠层结构指标及产量的影响。【方法】在田间条件下,选用棉花杂交种鲁棉研24号和常规品种新陆早60号为供试材料,设置适宜机采的1膜3行等行距(76 cm+76 cm+76 cm)低密度、1膜6行宽窄行(66 cm+10 cm)高密度及1膜3行等行距(76 cm+76 cm+76 cm)双株高密度3种配置方式进行试验。【结果】等行距低密度下,棉花生育前期生长旺盛,叶面积指数与光吸收率迅速增加至最高值;生育后期,叶面积指数及光吸收率下降幅度分别为10.4%~13.6%、3.7%~4.2%,低于其他两种处理,且干物质积累量较高。等行距低密度下杂交棉产量最高。【结论】等行距低密度下杂交棉实现高产的生理基础主要是:生育前期叶面积指数及光吸收率增长迅速,干物质积累较快;生育后期叶面积指数及光吸收率下降缓慢,能维持较高水平,光合生产能力较高,干物质积累量最大。

关键词: 机采棉; 株行距; 配置方式; 冠层结构; 产量

Abstract:

【Objective] In this study, we examined the effect of row spacing and planting density on canopy structure and yield. [Method] Hybrid cotton Lumianyan 24 and conventional cotton Xinluzao 60 were used as materials for field experiments. Our experimental design consisted of three arrangements: a film of three lines with equal row spacing (76 cm+76 cm+76 cm) under low planting density, a film of six lines with wide-narrow row spacing (66 cm +10 cm) under high density, and a film of three lines with equal row spacing (76 cm+76 cm+76 cm) under high density. [Result] Cotton growth in a film of three lines with equal row spacing under low planting density was vigorous, with LAI and RLI increasing rapidly and peaking at the early growth stage. Under this arrangement, the decrease intensity of LAI and RLI were 10.4%-13.6% and 3.7%-4.2% lower than the other two treatments, respectively; this arrangement of hybrid cotton also exhibited the highest dry matter accumulation at the late growth stage and gave the highest yield at harvest. [Conclusion] Compared with the other two arrangements, hybrid cotton planted in equally spaced rows under low planting density conditions had the greatest dry matter accumulation in the late growth stage and gave the highest yields because LAI, RLI and dry matter accumulation increased rapidly in the early growth stage, with photosynthetic efficiency accordingly increased by high LAI and RLI.

Key words: machine-picked cotton; row spacing and planting density; plant model; canopy structure; yield