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棉花学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 347-359.doi: 10.11963/cs20210003

• 研究与进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于无人机数码图像的机采棉脱叶率监测模型构建

马怡茹(),吕新,祁亚琴,张泽,易翔,陈翔宇,鄢天荥,侯彤瑜()   

  1. 石河子大学农学院/新疆生产建设兵团绿洲生态农业重点实验室,新疆 石河子 832003
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-11 出版日期:2021-07-15 发布日期:2021-09-14
  • 通讯作者: 侯彤瑜 E-mail:mayiru@stu.shzu.edu.cn;tongyu.hou@shzu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:马怡茹(1997―),女,硕士,农业信息化, mayiru@stu.shzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    新疆生产建设兵团科技计划重大项目(2018AA00401);石河子大学科研项目(KX03100102);石河子大学“3152”青年骨干教师科研启动项目(ZG010303)

Estimation of the defoliation rate of cotton based on unmanned aerial vehicle digital images

Ma Yiru(),Lü Xin,Qi Yaqin,Zhang Ze,Yi Xiang,Chen Xiangyu,Yan Tianying,Hou Tongyu()   

  1. Agriculture College of Shihezi University/The Key Laboratory of Oasis Eco-Agriculture, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, Shihezi, Xinjiang 832003, China
  • Received:2021-01-11 Online:2021-07-15 Published:2021-09-14
  • Contact: Hou Tongyu E-mail:mayiru@stu.shzu.edu.cn;tongyu.hou@shzu.edu.cn

摘要:

【目的】 脱叶率是评价机采棉脱叶催熟效果的重要依据。以无人机RGB图像为基础数据源,通过从RGB图像中提取14种可见光植被指数,建立快速、准确监测棉花脱叶率的模型,为机采棉适时采收提供理论和技术支持。【方法】 设置不同棉花品种,通过采集不同脱叶剂浓度及喷施时间处理下的棉花脱叶率数据,并利用无人机采集冠层RGB图像,提取可见光植被指数,分析其与棉花脱叶率的相关关系,进而采用一元线性回归(Simple linear regression,SLR)、多元线性回归(Multivariate linear regression,MLR)和偏最小二乘法回归(Partial least square regression,PLSR)构建棉花脱叶率监测模型,并进行模型评价。【结果】 不同处理下的棉花脱叶率有明显差异,脱叶率与不同可见光植被指数存在较好相关性,其中三角形绿度值(Triangular greenness index,TGI)与棉花脱叶率的相关性最高(r=0.81)。建模结果表明,SLR模型中,以TGI指数建模效果最好(决定系数0.66,均方根误差10.44%,相对均方根误差12.87%);MLR模型中,以过蓝指数(Excess blue index,ExB)、绿叶指数(Green leaf index,GLI)、TGI和过绿指数(Excess green index,ExG)4个植被指数组合建立的模型效果最好,其决定系数为0.70,均方根误差为10.26%,相对均方根误差为12.65%。PLSR模型中,以ExB、GLI、TGI、ExG、综合植被指数2和综合植被指数1建立的模型精度更高,其决定系数为0.70,均方根误差为10.02%,相对均方根误差为12.22%。外部验证表明,各模型实测值与预测值间有较好的拟合关系。【结论】 以MLR和PLSR方法建立的模型精度较高,拟合程度较好。从计算量及模型复杂程度角度考虑,通过MLR方法以ExB、GLI、TGI、ExG建立的棉花脱叶率监测模型,能够更好地监测棉花脱叶率。

关键词: 棉花; 脱叶率; 可见光植被指数; RGB图像; 无人机

Abstract:

[Objective] Defoliation rate is an important basis for evaluating defoliation and ripening effect of machine-picked cotton. In this study, 14 kinds of color vegetation index were extracted from RGB images to establish a fast and accurate estimation model for cotton defoliation rate, which provides a theoretical and technical basis for timely harvesting of machine-picked cotton. [Methode] Different cotton varieties were set up. The data of cotton defoliation rates of different defoliant concentrations and spraying times were collected, and the canopy RGB images were collected by unmanned arerial vehicle(UAV). The correlation between color vegetation index and cotton defoliation rate was analyzed. Then, the estimation model of cotton defoliation rates was constructed by using the methods of simple linear regression (SLR), multivariate linear regression (MLR) and partial least square regression (PLSR). Meanwhile, the model was evaluated. [Result] The results showed different cotton defoliation rates after different treatments. There was a remarkable correlation between the defoliation rate and the visible light vegetation index; especially, the correlation coefficient between the triangular greenness index (TGI) and cotton defoliation rate is up to 0.81. The results showed that the model based on TGI index was the best in the linear regression model, coefficient of determination (R2) = 0.66, root mean squared error (RMSE) = 10.44%, relative RMSE (rRMSE) = 12.87%; the model based on excess blue index (ExB), green leaf index (GLI), TGI and excess green index (ExG) was outstanding in the multiple linear regression models (R2 = 0.70, RMSE = 10.26%, rRMSE = 12.65%). In the PLSR models, the one with ExB, GLI, TGI, ExG, Comprehensive 2 and Comprehensive 1, had higher accuracy, R2= 0.70, RMSE = 10.02%, rRMSE = 12.22%. The external verification showed that there was a good fitting relationship between the measured values and the predicted values of each model. [Conclusion] The model established by MLR and PLSR has high accuracy and great fitting degree. Therefore, considering of the weight computation and complexity, the cotton defoliation rate estimation model established with ExB, GLI, TGI and ExG has excellent performance.

Key words: cotton; defoliation rate of cotton leaf; color vegetation index; RGB image; unmanned aerial vehicle