Abstract：[Objective] It is of great significance for shaping plant architecture, strengthening the research on cotton fruiting branch internode length. [Method] In this research, two upland cotton materials Zhong2549(long branch internode) and Zhong5081(short branch internode) were used for the study of the endogenous hormone differences by measuring endogenous hormone of the fruiting branch internode of Zhong2549 and Zhong5081; and for the study of the influence to the internode length by spraying exogenous hormone to Zhong2549 and Zhong5081. The paraffin section technique was used to detect the cell morphology of the fruiting branch internode of Zhong2549 and Zhong5081. [Result] that the content of endogenous hormone IAA, GA3 and ABA in Zhong2549 were apparently higher than its in Zhong5081. Spraying exogenous hormone IAA, GA3 and ABA promoted the fruiting branch internode elongation. The section result showed that the cell size of Zhong549 was bigger than Zhong5081, and the cell density of Zhong2548 was less than Zhong5081. These indicated that the endogenous hormones which affect the fruiting branch internode length and the differences of different length fruiting branch internode in cellular level. [Conclusion] This study can provide some foundation and reference for the later research.
栗战帅,魏恒玲,庞朝友, 等. 棉花果枝节间长短性状内源激素的差异以及外施激素对其影响[J]. 棉花学报, 2018, 30(3): 224-230.
Li Zhanshuai,Wei Hengling,Pang Chaoyou, et al. The Endogenous Hormone Differences of Different Fruiting Branch Internode Length Traits and the Influence of Spraying Exogenous Hormone in Upland Cotton[J]. Cotton Science, 2018, 30(3): 224-230.
Li Pengcheng, Dong Helin, Liu Aizhong, et al. Effect of exogenous hormones on cotton (<em>Gossypium hirsutum</em> L.) growth and development during the early growth period [J]. Cotton Science, 2015, 25(3): 278-282.<br />
Cheng Jianping, Zhao Feng, You Aibing, et al. Gibberellin spraying quantity and period of uniformity and yield of rice spike layer [J]. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University, 2011, 3 (6): 657-662.<br />
Wang Lifang, Yao Lijuan, Yang Yanping, et al. Gibberellic acid and temperature on the influence of color calla lily grows[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Agricultural Science, 2014 (5) : 699-700.<br />
Müller M, Munné-Bosch S. Rapid and sensitive hormonal profiling of complex plant samples by liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry[J/OL]. Plant Methods, 2011, 7: 37.http://www.plantmethods.com/content/7/1/37. DOI: 10.1186/1746-4811-7-37.<br />
Zhu Qian, Dong Meifang, Yuan Wangjun, et al. Studies on flower bud differentiation and leaflike proliferate-flower budof osmanthus fragrans‘Tianxiang Taige’ [J]. Acta Horticulturae Sinica, 2012, 39(2): 315-322.<br />
Hamano M, Yamato Y, Yamazaki H, et al. Endogenous gibberellins and their effects on flowering and stem elongation in cabbage (<em>Brassica oleracea var. capitata</em>)[J]. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 2002, 77(2): 220-225<br />
Ji Lan, Yang Shuqin, Ma Hongli, et al. Relation between upper internode elongation of rice with eui gene and plant hormones[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology, 2005, 11(6): 660-664.<br />
Liu Datong, Jing Yanping, Chen Jingjing, et al. Rice lateral root development and its impact factors[J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2014, 40(8): 1403-1411.<br />
Phillips A L.<em> Gibberellins </em>in <em>Arabidopsis</em>[J]. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 1998, 36(1): 115-124.<br />
Zhang C, Bousquet A, Harris J M. Abscisic acid and LATD/NIP modulate root elongation via reactive oxygen species in Medicago truncatula[J]. Plant Physiology, 2014. DOI:10.1104/pp.114.<br />
McAdam S A M, Brodribb T J, Ross J J. Shoot-derived abscisic acid promotes root growth[J]. Plant Cell and Environment, 2016, 39(3): 652-659.<br />
Antoni R, Gonzalez-Guzman M, Rodriguez L, et al. PYRABACTIN RESISTANCE1-LIKE8 plays an important role for the regulation of abscisic acid signaling in root[J]. Plant Physiology, 2013, 161(2): 931-941.<br />
Ondzighi-Assoume C A, Chakraborty S, Harris J M. Environmental nitrate stimulates abscisic acid accumulation in Arabidopsis root tips by releasing it from inactive stores[J]. The Plant Cell, 2016, 28(3): 729-745.<br />
Liu Jianfeng, Zhang Chunji, Cheng Yunqing, et al. Effects of ABA and its synthesis inhibitor sodium tungstate treatments on ovule development of <em>Corylus heterophylla</em>[J]. Acta Horticulturae Sinica, 2013, 40(2): 213-220.<br />
肖丹曦. 植物激素 ABA 和 GA 对紫球藻生长的影响[D]. 广州: 暨南大学, 2009.<br />
Xiao Danxi. Effects of abscisic acid and gibberellin on growth of <em>Porhyridiu</em> sp. [D]. Guangzhou: Jinan University, 2009.<br />
Yang Xiaowan, Zheng Guoqi, Yang Juan, et al. Changes in endogenous hormone contents and cell wall component, degrading enzyme activity and their relation in <em>Lycium barbarum[</em>J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 2014, 49(1): 30-40.<br />
Ma Ni, Liu Dan, Zhang Chunlei, et al. Regulation effects of exogenous hormones on growth and photosynthesis andyield of rapeseed (<em>Brassica napus</em> L.) after frozen[J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2009, 35(7): 1336-1343.<br />
Yin C, Gan L, Ng D, et al. Decreased panicle-derived indole-3-acetic acid reduces gibberellin A1 level in the uppermost internode, causing panicle enclosure in male sterile rice Zhenshan 97A[J]. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2007, 58(10): 2441-2449.<br />