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棉花学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 504-512.doi: 10.11963/1002-7807.kfjlrz.20171017

• 研究与进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

转基因抗虫棉品种间杂交F1、F2竞争优势分析

孔凡金1,邓永胜1,申贵芳1,王景会1,韩宗福1,王宗文1,段冰1,张令山2,李汝忠1*   

  1. 1. 山东棉花研究中心/农业部黄淮海棉花遗传改良与栽培生理重点实验室,济南250100;2. 东阿县农业局,山东 东阿 252201
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-31 出版日期:2017-11-15 发布日期:2017-11-15
  • 通讯作者: lrz1138@163.com
  • 作者简介:孔凡金(1986―)男,硕士,kfj987@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划——“七大农作物育种”专项(2016YFD0101406);山东省现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金

Analysis on Competitive Heterosis of Hybrid F1 and F2 between Transgenic Bt Varieties of Upland Cotton

Kong Fanjin1, Deng Yongsheng1, Shen Guifang1, Wang Jinghui1, Han Zongfu1, Wang Zongwen1, Duan Bing1, Zhang Lingshan2, Li Ruzhong1*   

  1. 1. Shandong Cotton Research Center/Key Laboratory of Cotton Breeding and Cultivation in Huanghuaihai Plain, Ministry of Agriculture, Jinan 250100, China; 2. Dong’e Agricultural Bureau, Dong’e, Shandong 252201, China
  • Received:2016-12-31 Online:2017-11-15 Published:2017-11-15

摘要: 【目的】分析评估多个转基因抗虫棉品种间杂交F1、F2产量与纤维品质性状,为强优势组合选育以及F2利用的可行性提供依据。【方法】以10个综合性状优良的陆地棉新品种(系)作亲本,组配10个杂交组合,从中筛选出产量竞争优势突出的4个组合,进行F1、F2产量与纤维品质性状分析。【结果】棉花品种间杂交F1表现出较强的产量竞争优势,但年际差异较大,越是在产量水平较低的年份,杂交种产量竞争优势越突出。除个别组合外,F2产量竞争优势减退明显,铃重降低是其主要原因。F2纤维品质指标总体上较F1下降,极差和变异系数增大。各品质性状的变异系数远低于产量构成要素的变异系数,总的趋势是F1<常规对照品种鲁棉研28号(CK)、F2 >F1。不同组合F1、F2代产量和纤维品质性状的竞争优势差异较大,从中筛选出1个优势组合,其F1、F2产量均具竞争优势,且F2产量竞争优势减退小、纤维品质优良、分离轻。【结论】转基因抗虫棉品种间杂交种抗逆性强、稳产性好。父母本纤维品质好、差异小的组合,F2纤维品质优良、分离程度较小。选育生产上有利用价值的F2优势组合是可行的。

关键词: 陆地棉; 杂交种; 竞争优势; 纤维品质; 变异系数

Abstract: [Objective] The purpose of this study is to supply basis for selecting strong heterosis hybrid and the feasibility of F2 utilization, by evaluating yield heterosis and fiber quality traits of hybrid F1 and F2 generated by transgenic Bt varieties in upland cotton. [Method] Ten upland cotton varieties (lines) with good comprehensive characteristics were selected to produce 10 crosses, and four of them with better competitive heterosis (CH) in yield were screened out to analyze the lint yield and fiber traits of F1 and F2. [Result] The results indicated there was a strong CH in yield of F1, but the yearly variation was large. Hybrids performed better in the poor production year. The CH in yield decreased obviously in most of the F2 combinations. Further analysis showed that the decrease of boll weight was the main cause of drop of yield CH in F2. The fiber quality index in F2 showed a downward trend compared with F1, and the coefficient of range and variation(CV) increased. The coefficient of variation of quality traits was much lower than that of yield components, with a trend of F1 < SCRC 28 (CK) and F2 > F1. The CH of lint yield and fiber traits changed between F1 and F2 in different combinations. We screened out a combination with higher CH of yield in both F1 and F2, and with less decreased yield CH, fine fiber quality and light separation in F2. [Conclusion] The hybrids generated by transgenic Bt varieties in upland cotton characterized by strong adversity resistance and yield stability. Fine fiber quality and light separation in F2 came from crosses with the parents of fine fiber quality and small differences. So, it is possible for breeders to select valuable F2 combinations in production.

Key words: upland cotton; hybrid; competitive heterosis; fiber quality; coefficient of variation

中图分类号: 
  • S562.035.1